The Book of 1 Samuel is the first book of the Books of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. It tells the story of the transition of leadership in Israel from the judges, who were temporary leaders appointed by God, to a monarchy, with a king ruling over the people.
The book begins with the story of Hannah, who prayed to God for a son and was blessed with the birth of Samuel. Samuel grows up to be a prophet and judge, and he anoints Saul as the first king of Israel. However, Saul disobeys God and is replaced by David, a young shepherd who becomes a great warrior and defeats the Philistine giant Goliath.
Key figures in the book of 1 Samuel include Samuel, Hannah, Saul, and David. The book also mentions various other individuals, such as Eli, the high priest, and the prophets Nathan and Gad. The book also includes stories of various battles and conflicts, such as the Philistine wars and the struggle between Saul and David for the throne of Israel.